Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a treatment for kidney failure. A special sterile fluid is introduced into the abdomen through a permanent tube that is placed in the peritoneal cavity. The fluid circulates through abdomen to draw impurities from surrounding blood vessels in the peritoneum, which is then drained from the body.PD can be carried out at home, at work, or on trips, but requires careful supervision. PD gives patients more control. However, they need to work closely with the health care team including the nephrologist, dialysis nurse, dialysis technician, dietitian and social worker. The role of the PD patient and his/her family are very important. By learning more about the treatment, patients can work with the health care team to achieve the best possible results and lead an active life.