How 1 portion of carbohydrate looks like

Carbohydrates, found in many of the foods we eat, are broken down to glucose during digestion. With the help of insulin, glucose is taken into the cells of the body where it is used for energy.


Carbohydrates are the main energy source for your body. Calories from carbohydrates are important to keep your body tissues from being broken down for energy.

  • If you do not eat enough carbohydrates, your body will get calories from muscle protein. This can lead to weakness, weight loss and low immunity.
  • Too much carbohydrate intake can lead to High blood sugar level, excess weight gain and complications for your dialysis.
  • Meat, poultry, seafood and fats contain do not contain carbohydrates.


Therefore it is important or you to control the amount of carbohydrates you eat every day.


1 Carbohydrate Exchange


1 Slice Bread


3 Biscuits


½ Cup Rice


1 Piece Bun



1 Chapatti (6 Inch)


1 Medium


½ Cup BeeHoon


1 Wedge Fruit


Generally, you should include

  • 3 to 4 exchanges of Carbohydrate containing foods at a main meal
  • 1 exchange for snacks.

Speak to your Dietitian for your individual carbohydrate needs!


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