Gas Forming Food

Dialysis patients may experience gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms such as bloating, flatulence and gassiness, partly contributed by the side effects of high drugs consumption. These GI symptoms might reduce the desire to eat and in turn, increase the risk of malnutrition.

In some instances, avoidance of certain foods can reduce the frequency and severity of these symptoms. However, the effect may vary from person to person as everybody tolerates food differently.

Try to experiment with your diet by avoiding some of the foods. This way you may find the culprit food(s) which cause your GI symptoms.

You may refer to the list below for some common gas forming food:

Category Food Items
Legumes Most beans, especially dried beans and peas, baked beans, soybean, lima bean
Milk and dairy products Milk, cheese, ice cream
Vegetables Cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, cucumber, radish, garlic, onion, asparagus, Brussels sprout
Starchy vegetable Potato, sweet potato, turnip
Fruits Apple, pear, peach, prune, banana, apricot, raisin
Cereals and brans Wheat Bran
Drinks Alcoholic beverages, carbonated beverages, fruit juices
Sugar and sugar substitutes Fructose, sugar alcohols (e.g. xylitol, mannitol, sorbitol)

Try these tips to manage or lessen the occurrence of gas:

  • Eat less spicy and/or fatty foods
  • Eat and drink slowly
  • Avoid talking while eating
  • Chew food thoroughly with mouth closed
  • Use well-fitted dentures
  • Drink directly from a glass instead of straw
  • Take regular meals and avoid skipping meals


Kindly check with your dietitian for further information.
If symptoms persist, kindly talk to your doctor for further investigation


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