In kidneys that are failing, phosphate may unable to be removed by kidney and phosphate may build up in the blood.
High phosphate level will attract calcium from bone leading to weak and brittle bones. The hard calcium phosphate will settle in the soft tissues which cause itchiness, muscle aches, calcification of the heart, skin, joints, and blood vessels.
To control your phosphate level, you should avoid foods high in phosphate content or reduce their frequency and in small amount only.

When you have high phosphate level, AVOID High Phosphate Food as shown below.


Milk (200ml/ serving)

Bones (chicken wing or feet, soup stock)

Yogurt (150g/ serving)

Fish with edible bones (sardines)

Cheese (3 oz/ serving)

Organ meat (e.g. liver, kidney) Egg yolk

Legumes (e.g. Tofu, soybean milk)

Extracts (Marmite/Bovril)

Nuts and products (e.g. Peanut butter)

Anchovies (Ikan Bilis)

Seeds and products (e.g. Sesame oil)

Dried prawn

Coconut and products (e.g. coconut milk)

Dried fish

Cola drinks/ Dark colored soda

Dried mushroom/Seaweed

Malted and cocoa based drinks Cheese, nut and chocolate based biscuit



Muesli/ weetabix/Brown rice

Keropok (fish and prawn crackers)

Wholemeal/wholegrain bread/ biscuit


Dairy products are high in calcium and also phosphate content. So you can only have 1 serving of dairy product a day.
Important tip for better phosphate control!!

Don’t forget to take your phosphate binders (calcium tablet) with meals and snacks. It will help in reducing the phosphate absorbed from your food.


For further information or enquiries, please contact your dietitian.

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